The Institute of Policy and Management was established in 1985, when the Chinese government made a decision to rectify its national S&T system.
Indeed, the Institute was a product of China’s drive for S&T reform. After having experienced a major campaign to bring order out of the chaos of “cultural revolution” and to emancipate the mind, the Chinese S&T community began its exploration into S&T reform in the late 1970s. To meet the needs of this rapid development, in September 1977, CAS decided to restore its Office of Policy Research at the headquarters. One year later, the Editorial Department of Journal of Dialectics of Nature was created. In September 1981, a Research Group for Management came into being at the CAS Academic Division. With the further progress of this reform, CAS leaders paid much more attention to issues concerning strategy, policy and management.
On November 29, 1984, a proposal was made for setting up a CAS research body for S&T policy and management on the basis of the Office of Policy Research, the Research Group for Management, and the Editorial Department of Journal of Dialectics of Nature. Following this suggestion, the CAS Institute of Policy and Management was inaugurated in June 25, 1985 in Beijing. To strengthen its research muscle, IPM embraced, in January 1987, a research team for optimization and overall planning from the CAS Institute of Applied Mathematics.